2016年10月9日 星期日

字根學單字 with-

with- 字根是 back,away,against向後、相反、反對的意思。

每日一句學英文 App上線囉!
1. withdraw [wɪðˈdrɔ, wɪθ-]
vt.撤走; 拿走; 撤退; (從銀行)取(錢)
vi.撤退; (從活動或組織中)退出
with (back) + draw (拉、拖) = 收回、退出 She'd half expected him to withdraw from the course.
她多少已經預料到他會中途就退出這門課程。

2. withhold [wɪðˈhoʊld]
vt.扣留; 拒絕給予; 抑制(某事物); 制止,阻擋
vi.忍住,克制
with (back) + to hold (保留) = 拒絕給予、制止、阻擋 The captain decided to withhold the terrible news even from his officers.
船長決定哪怕是對高級船員也要封鎖這個可怕的消息。

3. withstand [wɪθˈstænd, wɪð-]
vt.經受,承受,禁得起; 反抗
vi.反抗; 耐得住,禁得起
with (against反對) + stand (n.抵抗 v.忍受、抵禦) = 承受 The helmets are designed to withstand impacts equivalent to a fall from a bicycle. 安全帽設計的承受力相當於從自行車上摔下的衝擊力。

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